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Title
  • 苦痛の社会学:デュルケーム再訪
Alternative
  • Sociology of Pain : Durkheim Revisited
Creator

大野, 道邦

大野, 道邦

Subject
  • Other デュルケーム
  • Other 苦痛
  • Other 社会学
  • Other Durkheim
  • Other Pain
  • Other Sociology
Description
Other
  • type:Article
Other
  • This short paper attempts to interpret Durkheim's Concept of Pain from the sociological perspective of body. We will examine Pain concept in the following three contexts: "punishment", "ascetic rites", and "piacular rites" . Firstly, "pain" was treated as a punishment in the traditional society (segmental society) in De la division du travail social (1893). Durkheim regarded "pain or punishment" as expiation for a criminal individual and as vengeance for a society. Therefore, pain or suffering is thought as "symbol", which expresses collective values or collective sentiments in a particular community. Secondly, "pain" was treated as painful trials in ascetic rites in Les Formes elementaires de la vie religieuse (1912). Abstinences and privation, renouncement and endurance in asceticism are always accompanied by pain or suffering. From this fact, pain or suffering seems to be related to "disciplines" imposed by a society. Thirdly, "severe pain" is discussed In context of piacular rites in Les Formes elementaires. In mourning, common pain reaches high degree of intensity, and, effervescence collective of sorrow appears. We can understand, in this case, the collective and emotional natures of pain. It follows, then, that pain or suffering seems to have three social aspects, that is, "values", "disciplines", and "collective sentiments". At any rate, pain, the negative manifestaion of body, could become part of our sociological agendas.
Publisher奈良女子大学文学部
Date Created 2008-02-12 , Issued 2005-03-31
Languagejpn
NIItypedepartmental bulletin paper
VersiontypeVoR
Identifier URI http://hdl.handle.net/10935/233
Journal
    • ISSN 1349-9882
    • 奈良女子大学文学部 研究教育年報
    1, 79-87
File
Oaidate2019-01-28