• Androgen-independent proliferation of LNCaP prostate cancer cells infected by xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus

Kakoki, Katsura

Kamiyama, Haruka

Izumida, Mai

Yashima, Yuka

Hayashi, Hideki

Yamamoto, Naoki

Matsuyama, Toshifumi

Igawa, Tsukasa

Sakai, Hideki

Kubo, Yoshinao

    • © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
    • NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 447, 1, (2014)
  • Other Androgen
  • Other LNCaP cell
  • Other Prostate cancer
  • Other XMRV
  • Xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) is a novel gammaretrovirus that was originally isolated from human prostate cancer. It is now believed that XMRV is not the etiologic agent of prostate cancer. An analysis of murine leukemia virus (MLV) infection in various human cell lines revealed that prostate cancer cell lines are preferentially infected by XMRV, and this suggested that XMRV infection may confer some sort of growth advantage to prostate cancer cell lines. To examine this hypothesis, androgen-dependent LNCaP cells were infected with XMRV and tested for changes in certain cell growth properties. We found that XMRV-infected LNCaP cells can proliferate in the absence of the androgen dihydrotestosterone. Moreover, androgen receptor expression is significantly reduced in XMRV-infected LNCaP cells. Such alterations were not observed in uninfected and amphotropic MLV-infected LNCaP cells. This finding explains why prostate cancer cell lines are preferentially infected with XMRV.
  • identifier:Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 447(1), pp.216-222; 2014
PublisherAcademic Press Inc.
Date Issued 2014-04-25
NIItypejournal article
Identifier URI
  • isIdenticalTo DOI
    • ISSN 0006-291X
    • Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
    447(1), 216-222