• Prefoldin Protects Neuronal Cells from Polyglutamine Toxicity by Preventing Aggregation Formation

Tashiro, Erika

Zako, Tamotsu

Muto, Hideki

Itoo, Yoshinori

Soergjerd, Karin

Terada, Naofumi

Abe, Akira

Miyazawa, Makoto

Kitamura, Akira

Kitaura, Hirotake

Kubota, Hiroshi

Maeda, Mizuo

Momoi, Takashi

Iguchi-Ariga, Sanae M. M.

Kinjo, Masataka

Ariga, Hiroyoshi

    • This research was originally published in Journal of Biological Chemistry. Tashiro, Erika; Zako, Tamotsu; Muto, Hideki; Itoo,Yoshinori; Soergjerd, Karin; Terada, Naofumi;Abe, Akira; Miyazawa, Makoto; Kitamura, Akira; Kitaura, Hirotake; Kubota, Hiroshi; Maeda,Mizuo; Momoi, Takashi; Iguchi-Ariga, Sanae M. M.; Kinjo, Masataka; Ariga, Hiroyoshi;.Prefoldin Protects Neuronal Cells from Polyglutamine Toxicity by Preventing Aggregation Formation. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2013; 288 (27):pp19958-19972 . © the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
  • NDC 493
  • Huntington disease is caused by cell death after the expansion of polyglutamine (polyQ) tracts longer than similar to 40 repeats encoded by exon 1 of the huntingtin (HTT) gene. Prefoldin is a molecular chaperone composed of six subunits, PFD1-6, and prevents misfolding of newly synthesized nascent polypeptides. In this study, we found that knockdown of PFD2 and PFD5 disrupted prefoldin formation in HTT-expressing cells, resulting in accumulation of aggregates of a pathogenic form of HTT and in induction of cell death. Dead cells, however, did not contain inclusions of HTT, and analysis by a fluorescence correlation spectroscopy indicated that knockdown of PFD2 and PFD5 also increased the size of soluble oligomers of pathogenic HTT in cells. In vitro single molecule observation demonstrated that prefoldin suppressed HTT aggregation at the small oligomer (dimer to tetramer) stage. These results indicate that prefoldin inhibits elongation of large oligomers of pathogenic Htt, thereby inhibiting subsequent inclusion formation, and suggest that soluble oligomers of polyQ-expanded HTT are more toxic than are inclusion to cells.
PublisherAmerican Society for Biochemistry Molecular Biology Inc
Date Issued 2013-07-05
NIItypejournal article
Identifier URI
  • isIdenticalTo DOI
    • ISSN 0021-9258
    • Journal of Biological Chemistry
    288(27), 19958-19972