• NEMURO : a lower trophic level model for the North Pacific marine ecosystem

Kishi, Michio J.

Kashiwai, Makoto

Ware, Daniel M.

Megrey, Bernard A.

Eslinger, David L.

Werner, Francisco E.

Noguchi-Aita, Maki

Azumaya, Tomonori

Fujii, Masahiko

Hashimoto, Shinji

Huang, Daji

Iizumi, Hitoshi

Ishida, Yukimasa

Kang, Sukyung

Kantakov, Gennady A.

Kim, Hyun-cheol

Komatsu, Kosei

Navrotsky, Vadim V.

Smith, S. Lan

Tadokoro, Kazuaki

Tsuda, Atsushi

Yamamura, Orio

Yamanaka, Yasuhiro

Yokouchi, Katsumi

Yoshie, Naoki

Zhang, Jing

Zuenkou, Yury I.

Zvalinsky, Vladimir I.

  • Other Ecosystem model
  • Other NEMURO
  • Other North Pacific Ocean
  • Other PICES
  • NDC 452
  • The PICES CCCC (North Pacific Marine Science Organization, Climate Change and Carrying Capacity program) MODEL Task Team achieved a consensus on the structure of a prototype lower trophic level ecosystem model for the North Pacific Ocean, and named it the North Pacific Ecosystem Model for Understanding Regional Oceanography, “NEMURO”. Through an extensive dialog between modelers, plankton biologists and oceanographers, an extensive review was conducted to define NEMURO's process equations and their parameter values for distinct geographic regions. We present in this paper the formulation, structure and governing equations of NEMURO as well as examples to illustrate its behavior. NEMURO has eleven state variables: nitrate, ammonium, small and large phytoplankton biomass, small, large and predatory zooplankton biomass, particulate and dissolved organic nitrogen, particulate silica, and silicic acid concentration. Several applications reported in this issue of Ecological Modelling have successfully used NEMURO, and an extension that includes fish as an additional state variable. Applications include studies of the biogeochemistry of the North Pacific, and variations of its ecosystem's lower trophic levels and two target fish species at regional and basin-scale levels, and on time scales from seasonal to interdecadal.
Date Issued 2007-03-24
NIItypejournal article
Identifier URI
  • isIdenticalTo DOI
    • ISSN 0304-3800
    • Ecological Modelling
    202(1-2), 12-25